Difference between cyder and cider

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Difference between cyder and cider
Aspall Cyder Vinegar

Many people tend to use the terms cyder and cider to refer to the same thing – alcoholic apple beverage. Although some have stated that there is a difference between the two words, no precise definitions have been provided to distinguish them. According to various sources, cyder and cider mean one and the same thing. This article attempts to view these two words in detail with the aim of creating a distinction between them.

Cider is one of the most common alcoholic beverage that is manufactured from fermented apple juice. Although any apples can be used in producing cider, many industrial manufacturers opt to utilize cider apples. During their production, extra fruits or some sugar is added, increasing the percentage of alcohol in the resulting beverage. It’s imperative to note that cider is also pronounced and referred to as cyder. The term “cider” is mainly used in the North American English while “cyder” is commonly used in British English. Therefore, the main difference in these two terms is how they are used in North American and Britain .

What is cider or cyder?

As mentioned, cider refers to the fermented alcoholic beverage that is produced from fruit juice including peaches, apple, pears, or other fruits. The traditional and most common cider on the market is apple cider. Depending on various processing conditions, this product can be classified into the following groups:

• Cyder – Single crushing of vintage fruit

• Sweet cider – This is unfermented cider

• Scrumpy – This is strong cider (As manufactured in western England)

• Hard cider – An alcoholic beverage from fermented cider

The average alcohol content in cider is about 1.2 to 8.5 percent. Cider apples are used to produce cider since they are sharper in flavor and richer in tannins. It’s widely popular and available in the United Kingdom and other European nations. Cider is a common ingredient in cocktails and can also be utilized in the production of vinegar such as the apple cider vinegar. Congener products which are synthesized during the fermentation of cider are responsible for the taste and the aroma. Tannins, as well as other phenolic compounds, are examples of congeners in apple cider.

What are the health benefits of cider?

Apple cider or cyder has been associated with some health benefits. The common ones are as follow:

• Soothes a sore throat and helps in clearing a stuffy nose

• Helps in the management of weight

• Reduces poor cholesterol levels in the blood

• Helps in controlling blood sugar

• Helps to eliminate dandruff

• Helps to get rid of acne

Vinegar can assist in killing pathogens including bacteria. Traditionally, this product has been used to clean and disinfect, to treat nail fungus, warts, lice, and ear infection. Nonetheless, most of these applications have not been scientifically confirmed.

The father of modern medicine, Hippocrates, utilized vinegar for cleaning wounds over twenty centuries ago.

Vinegar has been utilized as a food preservative. Moreover, studies indicate that the product inhibits bacteria such as E. coli from thriving in food. The acetic acid in vinegar can kill pathogens and prevent them from multiplying. It has been used as a disinfectant as well as a natural preservative in some situations.

Difference between cyder and cider
Apple cider vinegar

Types and appearance

Cider flavor varies. They can be classified from sweet to dry. The appearance of this product also ranges from cloudy with sediment to clear, and the color varies from brown to amber to clear. These variations in color and clarity are mainly due to the filtration that takes place between pressing and fermentation. Some varieties of apple will produce clear cider without the need for filtration.

Modern, mass-produced products of this kind closely resemble wine in appearance. Brands that are more traditional tend to be cloudier and darker. They are usually stronger as opposed to the mass-produced varieties and they taste strongly of apples. The white cider contains the same juice content as the conventional cider, but this product is harder to create since the manufacturer has to blend different kinds of apples to come up with a clearer liquid. Almost colorless, white ciders are often sweeter and refreshing as well. These are typically seven to eight percent ABV in strength. By contrast, black cider is dry amber with an alcoholic content of seven to eight percent ABV.

Elaborating the difference between cyder and cider

Cider and cyder can differ slightly depending on where the terms are used. According to the description by the Thesaurus dictionary, cider is a variant spelling of cyder which is mainly used in American English. On the other hand, cyder is a variant spelling of cider and is a term that is mainly used in British English. In other words, the word ‘cyder’ is European and is used to mean fermented beverages.

Culinary context and methods of processing

Cider is available as a soft or an alcoholic drink and is manufactured from pressing of cider apple followed by the process of fermentation. Its methods of production can be a bit untraditional and, therefore, cider can be less ‘handmade.’

On the other hand, cyder is available commercially as cyder vinegar that is utilized in balancing your skin’s pH levels, helping to get rid of acne and dandruff. Therefore, cyder is vinegar that is prepared by single pressing the vintage fruit through apple cider fermentation. Yeast and bacteria disintegrate the sugar in the apple into alcohol and then transforms it into vinegar. The cyder will mature with time in either a barrel or a bottle. When compared to cider, the production of cyder is a bit ‘handmade’ or traditional. In comparison to cyder, cider is usually manufactured on a commercial scale. Cyder, on the other hand, is hardly produced on a commercial scale. However, the difference between biochemical and sensory properties between the products of cyder and cider are not thoroughly examined, and it’s hard to categorize the two as different products.

A table summarizing the difference between cyder and cider is shown below.

Cyder Cider
Cyder is British spelling This is the American spelling
Made from multiple pressing of cider apple fruits Prepared from single pressing of the vintage fruit
Available as a soft drink or an alcoholic beverage Available commercially as cyder vinegar
Usually prepared on a commercial scale Hardly prepared on a commercial scale



As seen from the distinction given above, cider and cyder mean one and the same thing although there are some slight variations in how these two products are prepared. Cyder that includes a “y” refers to a product that is made from the single pressing of vintage fruits. Moreover, cyder is a term that is mainly obtained from British English. On the other hand, Cider is derived from the American English and is prepared from multiple pressing of apple fruits. Cyder that is prepared and manufactured on a commercial scale, or not made from a single pressing of the fruits is called cider.

So now you are aware of what these two terms mean. Although you may use one word to mean the other, there are certain aspects that can be used to distinguish the two. It doesn’t hurt to use them interchangeably, but it is advisable to know when to use cider or cyder.


References :

[0]The definition of cyder. (2017). Dictionary.com. Retrieved 2 March 2017, from http://www.dictionary.com/browse/cyder

[1]Mota, A., de Castro, R., de Araújo Oliveira, J., & de Oliveira Lima, E. (2014). Antifungal Activity of Apple Cider Vinegar on Candida Species Involved in Denture Stomatitis. Journal of Prosthodontics, 24(4), 296-302. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jopr.12207

[2]Chrzan, Janet (2013). Alcohol: Social Drinking in Cultural Context. Routledge. p. 13. ISBN 9780415892490

[3][img] Aspall Cyder Vinegar: https://c1.staticflickr.com/3/2252/2287203032_2a8328672b_b.jpg

[4][img]Apple cider vinegar: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/68/Apple_cider_vinegar.jpg


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